10 Ways to Build Various Types of Shed Roofs

Author Image

By George Taylor

Updated: Jun 17, 2024

8 min read

Types of shed roofs

Table of Content

    What Is A Shed Roof?

    The shed roof is one of the simplest designs with single-sloping sides, which is easy to install, cost-effective, and creates extra space on the roof. The shed roof on house protects the shed from extreme weather, so it has to be durable, waterproof, attractive, and budget-friendly. Unlike its name, it is not limited to sheds; instead can be used for any structure.

    Gambrel types of roofs

    Different types of shed roofs designs add to the aesthetic appeal of the outdoor house and a visual impact. If you prefer the DIY, shed roof type, the most challenging part of installation is framing a shed roof. Hire a professional carpenter to fix it to ease the process.

    Amazing types of shed roofs

    Ways Of Framing A Shed Roof

    Ways Of Framing A Shed Roof

    Traditional Methods of Framing

    In the traditional method, you have to cut and install all the parts(rafters, ridge board, collar ties, and ceiling joists) one by one. It has its pros and cons.

    Pros Cons
    • You can easily lift and nail the board without external support.
    • The installation is quite tiring because you have to climb up and down several times.

    Build the Roof on the Ground

    Build the roof on the ground

    In this method, a roof frame is made on the ground to form individual roof trusses with a pair of angled rafters and a horizontal bottom chord, which forms the ceiling joist. The pros and cons are as follows:

    Pros Cons
    • The trusses can be easily lifted and attached to the tops of the walls.
    • Though it’s easy and less time-consuming to install it, you may require help lifting the trusses into place.

    Factors To Consider While Selecting A Material For Types Of Shed Roofs

    Types of shed roofs design selection is an exciting process; however, there are certain factors you should consider.

    It Should Be Waterproof

    Roofs for sheds should be waterproof to store things under it. If you are staying in an extremely cold weather zone, make sure the types of shed roofs are sturdy enough to withstand snow and ice. The installation should be perfect to rule out any error leading to water leakage from the shed. Check for any holes to avoid leakage.

    Look of the Roofing Shed

    The visual appeal of the types of shed roofs styles plays a vital role in the outdoor area. Selecting the correct type of shed roof from different options is challenging, so choose it wisely after thorough research.

    It Should Add Value to the Property

    The types of shed roofs style should add to the property value apart from adding aesthetics. Should you decide to sell it, you can expect a decent selling price.


    Though durability depends on the types of shed roofs material you choose, it mainly depends on your area’s location and weather conditions. The material should withstand heavy wind and water for durability. The tried and tested materials used for shed roof covering are asphalt shingles, metal wood, or cedar sheds.

    Easy Installation Process

    The ease of installation is significant as it saves a fair amount of time, money, and energy. There are roofing materials like shingles that take less time to install, whereas steel shed roofs require special fasteners that add to the cost of the roof.


    The roofing material should have little to no maintenance because maintenance depends on which material you choose and how you install it. Be informed and attentive while selecting the types of shed roofs material.

    The Pitch of the Shed Roof

    The roof pitch determines which types of shed roofs materials you should use, which depends on the weather conditions of the place where you live.


    The size of your budget is crucial. However, you must remember that buying cheap roofing materials might cost you more in the long run due to frequent repair and replacement.

    Types Of Shed Roofs

    Gable Types of Shed Roofs

    Gable shed roof style

    The gable style roof is standard roofing sheds with two sloped roofs that meet at a peak above the end walls forming a symmetrical roof line. It can be made with rafters running from the wall meeting at a raised center ridge. It is a costly and complicated roof to build. Shingles or ribbed steel sheet is the best roofing material.

    Pros Cons
    • Has extra storage above the ceiling
    • Cannot withstand strong wind, so use a hurricane bracket
    • Can shed snow and rain
    • Snow load can be a problem if the slope is low
    • Even a beginner can build it

    Barn Roof Styles

    Barn types of shed roofs

    This style reflects the Dutch colonial influence. The use of gussets to connect provides loft space. It is slightly more complex than the gable roof. Ribbed steel sheets or shingles are best suited for barn-style shed roofs.

    Pros Cons
    • It sheds water and snow easily
    • If not properly braced, the roof can collapse due to high wind
    • It’s easy to add a loft
    • Ridges need extra waterproofing
    • Due to its high profile, neighbors may dislike it

    Skillion Types of Shed Roofs

    Skillion types of shed roofs

    It looks like a half-gable roof with one wall higher than the other creating a single-slope roof. It is easy and budget friendly to install.

    Pros Cons
    • Walls are protected from snow and water with the roof overhang
    • High winds might damage the slope 
    • The slope sheds water and snow easily
    • It can have a low ceiling on one side due to the low height of the wall
    • Extra loft space is created due to higher wall height
    • Ventilation can be affected in the attic area
    • Beginners can build it
    • Solar panels can be installed

    Slanted Roof Design

    Slanted roof design

    Slanted types of shed roofs have a short and a tall wall opposite each other, joined by rafters. It is best suited for against the fence. Ribbed steel sheets or shingles are ideal for slanted roofs.

    Pros Cons
    • It is simple to install
    • It is expensive to install because it requires waterproofing due to the lower slope
    • A steep slope allows snow and water to shed easily
    • High winds can damage it
    • Neighbors might like it due to its low profile
    • It has less attic storage
    • If oriented westwards, suitable for solar panels
    • Even first-timers can build it

    Hip Style Shed Roof

    Hip style shed roof

    It is built with compound cuts where jack rafters tie to hip rafters, making it challenging to build. It has a standard slope with no gable peak. If being insulated, it needs a separate ventilation system. Like other shed roofs, shingles, and ribbed sheet metal are best suited to build it.

    Pros Cons
    • It is more stable than the other shed roof style
    • More expensive to build because of the complex roof framing
    • It can withstand heavy wind
    • It has a chance of leakage as it has more seams
    • Can quickly shed snow and water 
    • Requires more time and precision to build
    • It has additional storage above the ceiling
    • Difficult for beginners to build

    Saltbox Roof Style

    Saltbox roof style

    It has almost the same slope for two parallel roof sections, one narrower than the other one. It looks like a gable roof and can be built with rafters that meet at a raised ridge to form a peak. Shingle or ribbed steel sheet is best suited for this roofing style.

    Pros Cons
    • It can withstand winds as compared to a gable roof in a better way
    • It’s more complex to build
    • Rain and snow slide off easily
    • High winds may sometimes damage the roof
    • Extra storage space is created in the attic area
    • It’s easy for beginners to build it

    Pyramid Shape Roof

    Pyramid types of shed roofs

    Roofy design is similar to the hip, with all four sides meeting a single point with no hip. There’s no gable peak because all the slopes are inwards with a common slope.

    Pros Cons
    • It’s stable even in high winds
    • Slope and ridge make it difficult to work
    • It has extra attic space
    • It is expensive to make because multiple-angle cuts
    • Snow and rainwater shed easily
    • The layout requires expertise, so beginners can’t build it

    Octagon Roof Design

    Octagon roof design

    As the name octagon suggests, it has eight structure sides, eight triangular sloped roofs, and eight hips running from the corners of the wall to the common point. The best roofing material is shingles.

    Pros Cons
    • Can withstand strong winds
    • It is expensive to build due to its complexity
    • The roof provides shade and protection because it overhangs the walls
    • Ventilation is a bit difficult
    • It is unique
    • Not easy for beginners to build it.

    Flat Shed Roof Design

    Flat Shed Roof Design

    It looks flat with a pitch for runoff and is made like a regular shed-style roof. Neighbors like it more because of its low profile. Rubber, PVC membrane, tar, and gravel are the best roofing materials.

    Pros Cons
    • Easy to build
    • If insulating, need an alternate ventilation arrangement
    • Less expensive
    • Requires regular maintenance
    • Even a beginner can build it

    Dormer Roofing Style

    Dormer Roofing Style

    Dormer types of shed roofs has a window in the roofed box for more natural light and air. It can easily be made if there’s ample space on the roof.

    Pros Cons
    • It creates extra attic space
    • Seams need more waterproofing leading to leakage
    • It keeps snow melts and water from the door
    • Require regular maintenance
    • Beginners can install it


    There are multiple types of shed roofs style options, creating confusion as to which one to go with. In such a situation, proper planning about the roof types, time spared for the project, complexity to install, frequency of repair, budget, and many other factors should be considered before buying. Whether you are an expert or a beginner, select the style that suits your requirement and reflects your style and persona.


    What Is The Cheapest Way To Roof A Shed?

    MSR is the cheapest material to build a shed that looks similar to conventional asphalt. It is thinner and easier to install.

    How Long Does A Roof On A Shed Last?

    Types of shed roofs built with precision and quality can last between 25-60 years, depending on the material used and how you maintain it. Slate shed roofing is durable, with a lifespan of up to 125 years, followed by rubber shed roofing, clay tiles, metal shed, and woodshed roofing.

    What Is The Disadvantage of a shed roof?

    If you are staying in a hurricane zone or area with a higher frequency of wind, there are better options than a shed roof. Types of Shed roofs only look good on some home styles rather more with modern and rustic ones.

    Table of Content

      Get daily updates to your inbox!

      Subscribe to our mailing list to receives daily updates!

      Related Stories